Also known as the Mattancherry Synagogue, the Paradesi Synagogue is located in old Cochin, formerly known as Jew town. It is the oldest synagogue in all the Commonwealth Nations, and is the only one of the seven synagogues in the area still in use. The complex has four buildings. It was built adjacent to the Mattancherry Palace temple on the land awarded to the Malabari Yehuden community by the Raja of Kochi. The Mattancherry Palace temple and the Mattancherry Synagogue have a common wall connecting them.